U.S. adds 81 entities to list of companies sanctioned over Crimea, Donbas
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce has amended the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding eighty-one entities under eighty-six entries to the Entity List subject to sanctions over Crimea and Donbas.
"The eighty-one entities who are added to the Entity List have been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS is taking this action to ensure the efficacy of existing sanctions on the Russian Federation (Russia) for violating international law and fueling the conflict in eastern Ukraine," the U.S. Department of Commerce said in a statement.
These entities will be listed on the Entity List under the destinations of the Crimea region of Ukraine, Hong Kong, India, and Russia.
The list was published on September 7, 2016.
Eighty-one entities were added to the Entity List under eighty-six entries. "These eighty-one entities are being added on the basis of paragraph 744.11 (License requirements that apply to entities acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States) of the EAR. The eighty-six entries being added to the Entity List consist of seven entries in the Crimea region of Ukraine, two entries in Hong Kong, two entries in India, and seventy-five entries in Russia. There are eighty-six entries for the eighty-one entities because five entities are listed in multiple locations, resulting in five additional entries," the statement said.
U.S. sanctions firms of Putin's allies building Kerch Bridge in annexed CrimeaBIS, pursuant to Executive Order 13661, and in consultation with the Departments of State, Defense, Energy, and the Treasury, has designated the following eleven entities: Angstrem-M; Giovan Ltd.; Joint Stock Company Angstrem; Joint Stock Company Angstrem-T; Joint Stock Company Foreign Economic Association (FEA) Radioexport; Joint Stock Company Perm Scientific Industrial Instrument-Making Company (PNPPK); Joint Stock Company Mikron; Joint Stock Company Research and Production Company Micran; NPC Granat; Technopole Company; and Technopole Ltd.
The eleven entities added to the Entity List under Executive Order 13661 meet the criteria of Section 1, subparagraph B of the Order because they operate in Russia's arms or related materiel sector.
"BIS adds all eleven of those entities to the Entity List under this rule, and imposes a license requirement for exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) of all items subject to the EAR to these entities. This license requirement implements an appropriate measure within the authority of the EAR to carry out the provisions of Executive Order 13661," the statement said.