Photo from UNIAN The Ministry of Finance of Ukraine estimates the total amount of payments on state debt in 2019 at UAH 417 billion, or US$14.2 billion in the U.S. dollar equivalent. In particular, payments in foreign currency will be at about $9 billion, according to the Macroeconomic Outlook and Forecast for January 2019, published on the ministry&#39;s website. The official government forecast assumes the average rate of the hryvnia to the U.S. dollar, under the base-case scenario, at UAH 28.2 in 2019, UAH 29.7 in 2020, and UAH 30.4 in 2021, the ministry said. Read alsoUkraine&#39;s Cabinet to introduce new budget rules for hryvnia stability "Continued reforms, which are particularly provided for in the Memorandum of Cooperation with the International Monetary Fund, guarantee Ukraine&#39;s access to external financing, as well as the receipt of the second tranche of the EU macro-financial assistance and a loan guaranteed by the World Bank," the report said. UNIAN memo. Ukraine&#39;s public and government-guaranteed debt in January-November 2018, estimated in U.S. dollars, fell by 2%, to $74.76 billion. The debt in the hryvnia equivalent dropped by 0.9%, to UAH 2.122 trillion ($75.5 billion). Ukraine&#39;s Cabinet of Ministers in August 2018 adopted a three-year strategy for public debt management, which implies a reduction in the state debt before 2020 to no more than 49% of GDP, as well as optimization of the debt structure.