In addition, MTO Donbas, as an integral part of the territory of Ukraine is supposed to enjoy the status of inter-regional association with an independent state administration system, according to the draft law. The MTO is formed on a temporary basis and shall not be an independent subject of the system of administrative-territorial structure of Ukraine.
The bill also stipulates that the authorities and local government of MTO Donbas decide on the establishment, structure, the number of units of people’s militia for the protection of public order and coordinate their activities.
The publication reports that, according to the bill, the supreme representative body in MTO Donbas shall be the Representative Assembly of MTO Donbas, which shall perform representative, rule-making, control functions and powers within its competence.
The head of MTO Donbas shall be elected on the basis of “universal, equal and direct electoral law by secret ballot for a term of five years.” A candidate for the position of head of the MTO Donbas may be a citizen of Ukraine, not younger than 35 years old, with university degree, no criminal record for committing an intentional crime, or with a criminal record removed in accordance with the law.
It is reported that the head of MTO Donbas, in particular, represents a territorial association in relations with the Ukrainian state authorities local governments; determines the strategic direction of economic recovery and development; represents MTO Donbas in foreign economic and trade relations, concludes agreements on cross-border cooperation in the economic field with the subjects of the Russian Federation and other countries, and other administrative and territorial units of those states, submits to the Representative Assembly of MTO Donbas nominations of heads of law enforcement agencies, security service and prosecutor’s office of MTO Donbas for granting consent to their appointment; within his authority, issues orders and instructions.
At the same legal status and scope of authority of the head of MTO Donbas shall determined by this and other laws of Ukraine, as well as the Regulation on the head of MTO Donbas, which shall be approved by the Representative Assembly of MTO Donbas, according to the bill.
75 deputies shall be elected to the Assembly for a five-year term, simultaneously with electing the head of MTO Donbas, deputies and heads of local government bodies.
The competence of the Representative Assembly of MTO Donbas includes approval of the structure, size and personal composition of the Executive Committee of MTO Donbas; approval of the budget; election of the chairman and vice-chairman of the Assembly.
In turn, the Executive Committee of MTO Donbas shall draft programs of socio-economic and cultural development and the budget, ensuring its implementation and reporting on its fulfillment to the Assembly.
It is reported that this law enters into force from the day following the date of its release.
Election of the head of MTO Donbas, deputies of the Representative Assembly and local deputies shall be scheduled on October 25, 2016.
The publication stresses several points of what is actually being proposed by the Opposition Bloc’s deputies:
1. Ukraine would become a de facto federation. That is, the time-bomb alike the Autonomous Republic of Crimea-2 is being planted into the foundation of Ukraine’s statehood.
2. As part of Ukraine there is formed an entity with state authority (especially in terms of regulating law enforcement and conclusion of international agreements).
3. This entity, in turn, is based on a unitary principle, which is anything but in the spirit of decentralization discussed (all the issues of economic relations and management are delegated to the central authority of MTO Donbas rather than communities).
Thus, it would be in fact a capitulation for Ukraine: a huge source of tension would be created within a state with a special relationship with the neighbor-aggressor; the Ukrainian society would not be able to accept this model of governance, and therefore the country would be doomed to a political crisis and early elections.
For Donbas this would mean total destruction, the looting, the power of criminal gangs, thousands of wasted lives, and lack of investment. Also, it is clear that Rinat Akhmetov will have all the power in this ‘tumor,’ reads the article. It’s his MPs who submit the bill. It's his PR team who check the degree of acceptance of such project in the Ukrainian society.