A mere 4% of Ukrainians who have worked in Poland in the past five years were engaged in intellectual work.
A total of 77% of Ukrainians in Poland mostly worked physically, 16% were employed in the service sector, 3% had work related to intellectual activity, and a mere 1% worked as senior managers, according to a survey conducted by the Rating sociological group on February 9-26, 2018.
The vast majority of men (89%) were engaged in physical work, a mere 6% of them worked in the service sector. Among women, 63% were engaged in physical work, while 28% were service sector employees. The higher their level of education was, the more frequently the respondents found work in the service sector or were engaged in intellectual work.
According to the findings of the survey, 34% of the respondents were engaged in agricultural work in Poland, while 32% had construction or repair work. Some 8% were engaged in housework, 7% were employed by restaurants, 5% by hotels, 4% looked after the elderly or disabled people, 3% of those polled were involved in other activities, and less than 3% worked in the service sector.
Women and older respondents were most often engaged in agricultural work, while men, young and middle-aged people worked in construction and repair. Unlike men, women were also more often involved in housework and hospitality sector, care of elderly and disabled people, childcare, in the service sector.
The higher their level of education was, the more often the workers found a job not related to agriculture or construction.
The study was conducted among the residents of Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil and Lutsk aged 18 and older. A total of 400 respondents were polled through face-to-face interviews. The poll's margin of error is below 4.9%.