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The document provides for splitting secondary education into three levels: four-year primary education, five-year basic secondary education, and three-year specialized secondary education.

Read alsoVenice Commission publishes official opinion on Ukraine's education lawAt the same time, the third level envisages academic education, which will be the continuation of education through higher educational institutions, and the field-specific one with orientation towards the labor market, that is, training that combines basic education with a professionally oriented approach to teaching.

Another innovation is a final state examination at the end of each stage of education, which can take place, in particular, in the form of external independent testing.

The 12-year system of education will start working from September 1, 2018, for primary education, from September 1, 2022, for basic secondary education, and from September 1, 2027, for specialized secondary education.