The report says that not enough workers have the skills to match the jobs that firms are looking for, and as a result they are losing clients, access to markets, and innovation opportunities.

Ukraine’s education and training system lacks relevance for today’s labor market, notes the report. Despite high literacy levels and a majority of graduates having solid basic knowledge, the system is not preparing workers adequately.

For workers and employers to be successful in today’s economy, the report says that training should be focused on a mix of cognitive skills (such as literacy and numeracy); socio-emotional skills (such as being responsible and creative); and job-specific technical skills.

“Most employers want Ukraine’s education system to equip people with practical skills and the latest knowledge to help firms grow and compete,” said Satu Kahkonen, World Bank Country Director for Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine. “We believe that Ukraine’s education system should create better and more direct links to private sector companies. Taking action now on reforms to better connect future workers and employers will produce big returns in the future.”

The report identifies the skills most valued in Ukraine’s labor market, points to specific labor shortages, assesses constraints to firms’ operations, explains how institutions affect investments in skills, and spells out policy options.

“It’s also critical to improve the skills of the current workforce and lift barriers to internal migration so that workers can move to where they are needed,” said Andrew Mason, World Bank Practice Manager for Social Protection and Jobs in the Europe and Central Asia region.