REUTERS

U.S. senators this month announced a bill tightening sanctions on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, designed by Russia's Gazprom, Reuters said.

Washington says the link, due to begin operation early next year, will boost Moscow's economic and political influence in European countries.

Read alsoBill expanding sanctions against Nord Stream 2 filed in U.S. House of Representatives – Naftogaz

"The EU's position on U.S. sanctions against European companies that carry out legitimate and lawful activities under European law is unequivocal. They are unacceptable and contrary to international law, and the Union firmly opposes them," Joseph Borrell said in a written response dated June 25.

"The Commission is preparing the ground for the adoption of an enhanced sanctions mechanism that will improve Europe's resilience to the effects of extra-territorial sanctions imposed by third countries."

Borrell did not say what form the mechanism would take, or when it would be introduced.

He was replying to a question from EU lawmaker Emmanuel Maurel regarding initial U.S. sanctions on the project imposed in December.

By damaging the European Union's economic interests, U.S. sanctions would weaken the two parties' show of unity against Russia's actions to destabilise Ukraine, after Moscow annexed the Black Sea peninsula of Crimea from Kyiv in 2014, Borrell said further.

The U.S. sanctions threat has prompted the German parliament's economic committee to hold a hearing on July 1 and German business lobbies have called for rescue funds for companies affected.

Timm Kehler, head of gas lobby Zukunft Erdgas, in a statement to the committee published before the event, said such a precedent of "extra-territorial sanctions" must be avoided.

"The adoption of such a tightened and retroactive sanctions law would be an unacceptable encroachment on the EU sovereignty and energy security of Western Europe," he said.