When Russia seized three Ukrainian vessels and their crews after shooting at them on November 25, it was not the moment when the disinformation campaign around the Azov Sea started.

In fact it had been launched much earlier, EUvsDisinfo, a European watchdog tasked with tackling disinformation, reports.

More than a year ago, Russian media started publishing claims of “Ukraine deepening the seabed for a NATO fleet at the Azov Sea”. In fact no link to any such “NATO fleet” can be found.

During the last summer and autumn the disinformation campaign intensified. There came reports that Ukraine had suddenly “infected the Azov Sea with cholera” (the World Health Organisation reported that they have no data of any cholera cases there). In September the messaging was already preparing the ground for later disinformation, forecasting “West-inspired provocations on the Azov Sea shore” and that the US has been “planning for clashes between Ukrainian and Russian naval forces in the Black Sea since 1990s”. The “evidence” is based on a video game a former Russian soldier claims to have seen 15 years ago.


"All these disinformation messages have the same target: to show that Ukraine is the aggressor and taking orders for its “provocations” from the West. Always a convenient message for Russia’s disinformation when we look at the illegal annexation of Crimea, consecutive false claims that the Azov Sea is a Russian “inland sea” – and Russia’s celebration of the use of military force against Ukraine," the report reads.

During the last week there was also a shift in the focus: to Ukrainians themselves. The aim seems to be to spread mistrust in the Ukrainian government and Western partners with lines like “The West hoped to paint the Azov Sea with the blood of Ukrainian citizens” and how “children in Mariupol are forced to dig trenches for soldiers”.

The English-language conspiracy sphere invented one more theory to justify Russia’s actions. The impeccable logic goes that Russian special forces actually managed to stop a provocation that might have led to World War 3 – as UK and Ukraine secret services were apparently transporting a portable nuclear device to explode the Crimea bridge. No efforts were made by the authors to even try and offer some proof.