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"We, as an Alliance, are facing distinct threats and challenges emanating from all strategic directions. Russia's aggressive actions constitute a threat to Euro-Atlantic security; terrorism in all its forms and manifestations remains a persistent threat to us all. State and non-state actors challenge the rules-based international order. Instability beyond our borders is also contributing to irregular migration. We face cyber and hybrid threats," according to the London Declaration issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in London on December 3-4, 2019.

As UNIAN reported earlier, on November 28, French President Emmanuel Macron called terrorism, not Russia, NATO member states' common enemy.

In turn, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the Alliance must respond to all potential challenges from any direction, both terrorism and Russian aggression.