The leaders pledged to broaden the scale of strikes on the terrorist group in both Iraq and Syria. Obama also called on the European Union to share airline passenger information so the U.S. could assess incoming travelers, CNBC reported.

The talks came in the wake of deadly terrorist attacks in Paris on November Hollande said France would not send ground troops. After the Paris attacks, France has stressed its intent to ramp up air strikes.

"We want to share our relentless determination to fight terrorism everywhere and anywhere," Hollande said through a translator.

Discussion was further complicated Tuesday by a Turkish jet shooting down a Russian warplane. Russia's strategy in the Middle East has served as a point of contention, and Obama and Hollande both criticized the country for what they deemed a failure to target solely ISIS and instead attack opposition groups to Syrian President Bashar Assad.

Obama noted that Turkey had a right to defend its territory, but also urged the nation and Russia not to let tensions escalate.

Obama noted he would sign legislation this week to assist in anti-terrorism efforts beyond ISIS. 13, for which ISIS claimed responsibility. Obama cited the urgent need to defeat the group, calling its ideology "madness" and "a scourge that threatens all of us."

"The United States and France stand united, in total solidarity, to deliver justice to these terrorists ... and to defend our nations," he said.